Glossary

A

AdBlue®

32.5% aqueous urea solution (AdBlue® is a registered trade mark of the German Association of the Automotive Industry [VDA])

C

Captive market/segment

Market segment in which original equipment and commercial vehicle manufacturers have their own engine production facilities to meet their engine needs. Consequently, the captive market is not generally accessible to independent engine manufacturers.

Compliance

Denotes the entirety of measures taken by a company to comply with laws, regulations and directives and also to comply with contractual obligations and self-imposed obligations. Compliance is a key element of corporate governance.

Corporate governance

Responsible management and control of a company with a view to long-term value creation and increasing shareholder value.

D

Deferred taxes

Differences between the calculation of profit under tax law and under IAS result in differing tax calculations. These differences in the amount of tax are recognised on the balance sheet as deferred tax assets or liabilities.

DIN EN ISO 14001

(Deutsches Institut für Normung – European Norm – International Organization for Standardization – 14001)
A German, European and international industrial standard for environmental management.

Diversity

Acceptance of the differences between individual employees, which – when embedded in a tolerant corporate culture – can be utilised to boost the success of a company. Employees should not suffer discrimination due to ethnic origin, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, disability, etc. They should all have equal opportunities.

DVERT®

(DEUTZ Variable Emissions Reduction Technology)
A combination of systems, components and procedures that are used as modules to create technically optimised and, at the same time, cost-effective solutions for reducing exhaust and noise emissions.

E

Earnings Per Share

A key figure calculated by dividing the net income attributable to the shareholders of DEUTZ AG by the average number of shares in issue.

EAT

Exhaust aftertreatment technology is designed to reduce emissions.

EBIT

Income from operating activities (before interest and tax).

ECU

Engine control units control and monitor the various functions performed by the engine.

EGR

Exhaust gas recirculation to the internal combustion process in order to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions.

EU Tier I, II, III A, III B, IV

Exhaust standard laid down by the European Union for non-road applications. Sets limits for pollutants such as nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbons and soot particulates in exhaust gas.

Exhaust aftertreatment

Ensures compliance with statutory emissions limits for gaseous pollutants such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) und soot particles through the cleansing of combustion exhaust gases. In vehicles, exhaust aftertreatment is achieved by the use of catalytic converters and diesel particulate filters.

F

Forward

Individually structured, non-exchange-traded forward transaction.

Free float

The proportion of shares in a public limited company (Aktiengesellschaft) not held by a major shareholder. According to the Deutsche Börse definition, shareholdings of less than 5 per cent are classified as free float.

H

Hedging

Hedging interest-rate, currency, price or similar risks through the use of derivative financial instruments which limit the risk associated with the underlying transactions.

K

Kaizen

Continuous improvement process (CIP) describes a way of thinking aimed at making a company more competitive through a series of small, progressive steps. It is comparable with the Japanese principle of Kaizen. CIP is applied to products, processes and service quality. Specific CIP teams are set up to implement small improvements (as opposed to major, dramatic changes). CIP is a basic principle of quality management and an essential part of ISO 9001. The method of having specific CIP teams develop suggestions for improvement is usually bracketed under the term ‘ideas management’ together with the company suggestion scheme.

L

Liquefied petroleum gas

A liquefied mixture of butane and propane that can be used in automotive internal combustion engines.

Long-term incentive plan

(LTI)
A form of incentive-based remuneration offered to members of the Board of Management and selected senior managers; its purpose is to enable these executives to benefit from the company’s long-term success, thereby encouraging them to stay with the company.

N

Non-captive market/segment

Market segment in which original equipment and commercial vehicle manufacturers purchase engines from third-party manufacturers to meet their engine needs. The non-captive market is accessible to independent engine manufacturers.

O

On-road applications

Engine-powered applications that are licensed for use on public roads such as commercial vehicles and buses.

Option

Contract which, until the expiry date, gives the holder the right to buy – and the writer the obligation to sell – an underlying instrument (a security or a product/commodity) at an exercise price that has been fixed in advance.

P

Prime Standard

The minimum standard set by Deutsche Börse AG for companies looking to raise capital from international investors. These companies have to meet stringent international disclosure requirements. Admission to the Prime Standard is a prerequisite for inclusion in the DAX, MDAX, TecDAX and SDAX indices.

R

Rating

Used to assess the creditworthiness of a company. It gauges the extent to which the company will be able to repay the principal and interest on its outstanding liabilities at the agreed date.

Return on capital employed

(ROCE)
Ratio of EBIT to average capital employed. Capital employed: total assets minus cash and cash equivalents, trade payables and other current and non-current liabilities based on average figures from two balance sheet dates.

S

Shop floor management

The term shop floor management describes a system used in production planning to fine tune manufacturing operations in a dynamic, flexible and resource-efficient way. This means, for example, scheduling processes down to the exact minute, ensuring transparency throughout the production process and achieving optimum use of capacities.

Soot and particulate filters

Devices for reducing the particulates contained in the exhaust gases of diesel engines. There are two types of filter, which work in very different ways: wall-flow filters, in which the exhaust gas penetrates a porous wall; and flow filters, in which the exhaust gas flows through the filter itself.

U

US EPA TIER 1, 2, 3, 4

US emissions standard for non-road applications. Sets limits for pollutants such as nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbons and soot particulates in exhaust gas.

W

Working capital

Inventories and trade receivables less trade payables.

Working capital ratio

Ratio of average working capital (inventories plus trade receivables minus trade payables) over four quarters to revenue for the last twelve months.

X

XETRA

Stands for ‘Exchange Electronic Trading’ and is the name given to the electronic dealing system run by Deutsche Börse AG (also known as screen-based trading).

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